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European Union Flag Hybrid Solar Eclipse of 1912 April 17 over Europe

A very short pearled eclipse I would have loved to observe not far from home. This eclipse has been nicknamed the "Titanic" eclipse in reference to the Titanic disaster that happened less than three days ealier.
During that peculiar eclipse, measurements were made to better understand the shape of the lunar limb by spreading people every 100 meters along a straight road to locate precisely the limits of the umbral shadow. Those observations were later done during the following solar eclipses: 1930 April 28 hybrid in Camptonville and 1925 January 24 total in New York City.
The frenchman Michel Mahieu with his Voisin "military type" aircraft conducted the first observation flight in history (read the article by Robert Morris in the June 2013 issue of l’Astronomie magazine). Sixty-one years later the Concorde 001 flight wrote history on 30 June 1973 with the longest duration observed.

Click on thumbnails for a larger version

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As seen from near Paris, France:
Eclipse 20 Century

HSE 1912 Pearled France
Léon Gaumont (1864-1946)
From la Grand Croix crossing

Eclipse 1912 Pearled Auguste Nicolleau
Auguste Nicolleau (12:11:51)
from the Globule balloon
over Rethondes

Eclipse 1912 Pearled Charles Vérax
Charles Vérax (12:09:50)
from Saint-Nom-la-Bretèche

HSE 1912 Pearled Danjon Saint Nom Bretèche Simulation Jubier France
André Danjon (12:09:53) from Saint-Nom-la-Bretèche and simulation created with Solar Eclipse Maestro

Eclipse 1912 Quenisset Flammarion Observatory Juvisy-sur-Orge
Ferdinand Quénisset (partial at 12:10:20)
Flammarion Observatory (Juvisy-sur-Orge)

Eclipse 1912 Balloon
Spherical balloons

Eclipse 1912 Danjon
André Danjon (12:09:53)
from Saint-Nom-la-Bretèche

Eclipse 1912 Lunar Limb Profile Jubier
Lunar limb profile (Kaguya/LRO)
from Saint-Nom-la-Bretèche

Eclipse 1912 Lunar Limb Profile
Lunar limb profile
computed in 1912

Baily’s beads simulation from Saint-Nom-la-Bretèche, France: at 12:09:53 it matches André Danjon photography
(created with Solar Eclipse Maestro)

Eclipse 1912 Louis Robach Mayet
Louis Forbach
from Mayet

Eclipse 1912 Lunar Limb Profile Mayet Jubier
Lunar limb profile (Kaguya/LRO)
from Mayet

Eclipse 1912 Zeiss Telescope Louis Robach
Zeiss 2m40 telescope of Louis Robach

Le Petit Journal 1912 April 21 Eclipse
1912 April 21st issue of Le Petit Journal

Le Figaro, by no means the largest Paris newspaper of the time, relates the following on April 18 about the now common expression "Diamond Ring":
"A young woman observed the lingering sliver of Sun. As overheard by an on-site Le Figaro reporter, she suddenly exclaimed «On dirait une bague de fiançailles» (One could say it’s an engagement ring)".
This was the first-known use of the now-universal "Diamond Ring" metaphor to characterize a dazzling sun-sliver perched on the edge of a black orb together with the wisp of corona surrounding it.
[Researched by Bob Morris, Carleton University, 1999]

Le Figaro Eclipse 1912 Ombre Titanic 2012

Astronomie Magazine June 2013 Voisin Aircraft Michel Mahieu Gaston de Manthé Hybrid Solar Eclipse 1912
L’Astronomie magazine of June 2013: astronomy from an aircraft in 1912 (article by Robert Morris)

As seen from Portugal:
HSE 1912 Portugal
José Comas Solá (1868-1937)
From Barco de Valdeorras

As seen from Spain:
Mundo Nuevo 1912 April Eclipse

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Last page update on June 4, 2013.
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